9th February , 2016 MARIANNE MULLALLY 10 Most Common Signs of Dyslexia
Dyslexia is not an illness or a disease. It is simply the way the brain is wired. It is not correlated to intelligence at all. The fact is most Dyslexics have average or above average levels of intelligence and are often very quick learners in many ways, but they experience some difficulty when it comes to reading and writing.
If you are trying to look for signs of dyslexia in a person, first you have to understand that dyslexia is not an illness or a disease. Put simply, it is the way the brain is wired. Dyslexia is not correlated to a lack of intelligence at all. In fact, most dyslexics have average or above average levels of intelligence and are often very quick at learning new skills. BUT, they commonly struggle with reading and writing.
The Most Common Signs of Dyslexia are:
1: Confusion with basic words.
These words are also referred to as sight words. That is, you have to know them by sight because it is hard to decipher phonetically. Words such as ‘the’, ‘of’, ‘and’, ‘to’ and ‘in’ are all words that dyslexic people often make mistakes on. They may substitute these words for others when reading. They may leave these words out in text or when writing. The definition may be lost and the spelling may by wrong.
2: Makes consistent reading errors.
It is often found that a dyslexic will make consistent mistakes when reading the same words on different pages, even if you have already corrected them once, twice or multiple times before. They may get stuck on the same word each time it appears on the page. Or simply substitutes words for others. Quite often, they will have no concept of semantic structure (sh/ch/th) and will not understand phonics. A dyslexic when reading is trying to formulate a picture of the story in their head to draw meaning. But due to the fact that reading is so difficult, their imagination can often take over and write its own story which is different to the text.
3: Reverses letters when writing.
If you see letter reversals, inversions or transpositions in someone’s writing, it’s probably a good indication that they may be dyslexic. Words can often change completely when this happens, and thus the meaning is changes (was/saw). That doesn’t help an already confused dyslexic derive meaning. There may be particular letters that are reversed consistently in an irregular fashion that makes no sense to the reader (p/b/d/q). Such confusion with letter formation, word meaning and were letters start and stop is indicative of dyslexia and its disorientation.
4: Pour Spelling.
You may see the same word spelt differently each time it is written on the page. Spelling for dyslexics is a confusing task. They are taught to read by decoding sound, so often when they write they spell words phonetically, that is, how the word sounds is how it is spelt. A word like because can quite easily become becos. Then in the next line of text it could be spelt becus. This is due to the crazy inconsistencies of the English language and the fact that the same letter can have multiple sounds.
5: Pays little attention to details…
Dyslexics are often the big picture thinkers. They often have great ideas and can get frustrated at the small tasks that are involved.
6: Good at non-language based tasks.
Dyslexics thrive with play based tasks and tasks that require them to use imagination. Quite often the quite one in the class at reading time can open up and be the best player on the field as they understand and are engaged with the new environment.
7: Avoids Reading and Detests Reading out aloud.
A child may consistently need to go to the bathroom when it comes to reading time in an attempt to avoid classroom reading. They probably will not actually read proscribed texts at school and will rely on drawing meaning from others around them or from classroom conversation. Reading out aloud is even worse for a dyslexic as their inability is then put on for show to the others in the room.
8: Pour Comprehension.
As there is such confusion when reading, little of the text is absorbed as most of the concentration is going in to deciphering the individual words on the page rather than the text as a whole. Many times dyslexics will get to the end of the page and have no recollection with what they have just read. Adults often say that they have to read the same sentence multiple times for them to draw meaning. As such, when asked to recall information in a comprehension setting, inaccuracies and omissions can result.
9: Easily distracted, in their own world.
There are two categories that dyslexics often fall into. The so called space cadets – the kids that sit and stare out the window into another world, and the class clowns – the kids that prefer attention for their behavior rather than inability. Both of these characteristics are indicative of dyslexics who are not checked into learning, because the learning environment is not conducive to their thinking style.
10: Strong Imagination.
By far the most positive strength, and thus sign, of a dyslexic is their strong and in some cases amazing imagination. They are innately clever and can create their own world which they feel comfortable in.
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