Types of Dyslexia – ‘Dys’ means Difficulty

Types of Dyslexia – ‘Dys’ means Difficulty

Most of us have heard of dyslexia. Often people who have heard of dyslexia think it’s where people read backwards, or transpose letters (particularly b and d). Many are not aware though of the differing types of dyslexia. They can effect areas in co-ordination, number meaning and the process of letter formation.

If you have watched any of the other videos, it’s highly likely you know more about dyslexia than your child’s teacher. The cause of dyslexia is the disorientation that occurs when your child is confused about a letter, number or word. This disorientation isn’t limited to symbols but can affect other areas of learning or functioning.

Here are some of the words we use to describe difficulties in other areas.

Other Types of Dyslexia

Dyspraxia – difficulty with balance and co-ordination.
Your child might be clumsy, trip over their own feet for no reason or have difficulty learning and managing tying shoelaces. Dyspraxia impacts co-ordination. The fine motor skills used to control the pen when writing is also impacted, so poor writing can be the result.

Dyscalculia – difficulty working with numbers.
The difficulty is experienced when working with numbers, and sometimes when writing them. When someone says they are hopeless at maths, it is not seen as a failing because we have calculators to calculate for us.

Dysgraphia – difficulty with writing.
This is confusion about how to actually form the letters or numbers when we write. There may be confusion about where to start writing the letter. Or which direction to go and even where to start changing direction when doing curves, like in c or s. Remember, children with dysgraphia are picture thinkers. So in some cases, when they are trying to remember the letter, they take pictures in their mind of what the letter should look like. Every time someone writes a letter on the board, they record it in their picture memory. The confusion arises when they don’t know which picture they should use because they have recorded multiple mental pictures for the same letter. They may be very slow and very unsure when writing. The lines may even have squiggles or waves because of all the mental indecision going on.

If your child has had special education at school or had a remedial tutor and continues to struggle, there is help and hope. Don’t wait for your child to struggle for another year.





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Tom MullallyTypes of Dyslexia – ‘Dys’ means Difficulty